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Published On: Friday December 23, 2016
Measles is a highly infectious, potentially fatal disease mostly affecting children. At present, 1, 14,900 children die annually due to measles (2014). It is estimated that out of these 1/3 of the children die in India due measles every year.
Rubella is a mild viral infection affecting both children as well as adults; when Rubella infection occurs during pregnancy it can cause severe lifelong disabilities (Congenital Rubella Syndrome) to the child and a huge socio economic burden to the family and society in general.
India had set a goal to eliminate Measles andcontrol Rubella &Congenital Rubella Syndrome by the year 2020. India is a signatory to this World Health Assembly resolution (2012).
To achieve its goal India has adopted various strategies like strengthening routine Immunisation, establishment of Measles and other Vaccine Preventable Diseases Surveillance System and Supplementary Immunization Activities.
Measles Rubella campaign, 2017
- The Government of India has selected the states of Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Pondicherry and Lakshadweep in the first phase.
- In Karnataka, around 1.6crore children in the age group of 9 months to IS years are targeted for vaccination.
- MR vaccine will be given at schools, fixed & outreach sessions &
· Mobile teams to cover high risk areas over a period of 3 weeks.
- After the campaign MR vaccine will be replacing measles vaccine, currently administered under National Immunization schedule
· Inter sectoral Coordination for MR Campaign
· The major stake holders for planning & implementation of MR Campaign at the District level are:
District Health & Family Welfare
· Education Department (Govt, Aided, Private, Montessori, Madrasaetc)
· Medical & Nursing Colleges
Professional organizations- IAP, IMA, Fogsi, Private hospitals association
· Social Welfare Department
· Unicef, Loins, Rotary & other NGO’s
Measles-Rubella Campaigns Information Sheet: Protect children from measles & rubella!
The Government of India has decided to introduce MR (Measles-Rubella) vaccine across the country replacing both 1st and 2nd dose of measles vaccine currently administered in (RI) routine immunization program under UIP (universal immunization program) in all the states. All the states/UTs will have a MR vaccination campaign in phases targeting children from 9 months to < 15 years, along with introduction of MR vaccine in RI, substituting both 1st and 2nd dose of measles vaccine provided at 9-12 months and 16-24 months, respectively through a synchronized switch across the states.
What is a Measles-Rubella SIA Campaign?
A Measles-Rubella SIA Campaign is a special campaign to vaccinate all children in a wide age group with measles-rubella vaccine, in all the state. The MR campaign dose is given to all children, both previously vaccinated and un-vaccinated, who belong to the target age group(9 months -<15 years). The goal of a MR campaign is to quickly enhance the population immunity to both measles & rubella in order to reduce deaths from measles and disabilities like CRS (congenital rubella syndrome) due to rubella infection in early pregnancy. A MR campaign must immunize more than 95% of the target age group children in schools as well as outreach session sites.
Who should be vaccinated?
· All children who have completed 9 months of age and are below 15 years of age (completed 9 months since birth but have not reached 15th birthday).
· A child in the target age group should always get the campaign dose of measles-rubella vaccine even if the child was vaccinated earlier.
· A child with a history of having measles/rubella in the past should also be vaccinated if the child is in the target age group.
· Malnourished children should be on priority since they have a higher risk of complications and death if they get measles.
· Children with minor illnesses such as mild respiratory infection, diarrhoea, and low grade fever, should always be vaccinated.
Where the children shall be vaccinated?
Children will be vaccinated from fixed posts only. There will be no house-to-house vaccination. In the first/second week, students will be vaccinated in schools. Non-schoolgoing and left out children will be vaccinated in the following 2/3 weeks at fixed outreach sessions in villages and urban areas.